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Kidney Cancer, Kidney Cancer Treatment, Kidney, Kidney Cancer India, Kidney Faq India, Kidney Faqs India, Kidney Faq's India
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Kidney Cancer:
Kidney Cancer treatment and surgery India offers information on Kidney Cancer Doctor India, Kidney Cancer treatment and surgery Hospital India, Kidney Cancer treatment and surgery Abroad, Kidney Cancer causes, symptoms, Risk factors, treatment and surgery.

Your kidneys are two bean-shaped organs, each about the size of your fist. They're located behind your abdominal organs, one on each side of your spine. Like other major organs in the body, the kidneys can sometimes develop cancer.

In adults, the most common type of kidney cancer is renal cell carcinoma, which begins in the cells that line the small tubes within your kidneys. Children are more likely to develop a kind of kidney cancer called Wilms' tumor.

Many kidney cancers are detected during procedures for other diseases or conditions. Imaging techniques, such as computerized tomography (CT), are being used more often, which may help find more kidney cancers.


Symptoms

Kidney cancer rarely causes signs or symptoms in its early stages. In the later stages, kidney cancer signs and symptoms may include:
Causes

Your kidneys are part of the urinary system, which removes waste and excess fluid and electrolytes from your blood, controls the production of red blood cells, and regulates your blood pressure. Inside each kidney are more than a million small filtering units called nephrons. As blood circulates through your kidneys, the nephrons filter out waste products as well as unneeded minerals and water. This liquid waste urine flows through two narrow tubes (ureters) into your bladder, where it's stored until it's eliminated from your body through another tube, the urethra.

Just what causes kidney cells to become cancerous isn't clear. But researchers have identified certain factors that appear to increase the risk of kidney cancer.

Types of kidney cancer

The most common types of kidney cancer include:

Renal cell carcinoma : This type of kidney cancer usually begins in the cells that line the small tubes of each nephron. In most cases, renal cell tumors grow as a single mass, but you may have more than one tumor in a kidney or develop tumors in both kidneys.

Transitional cell carcinoma : This type of kidney cancer develops in the tissue that forms the tubes that connect the kidneys to the bladder. Transitional cell carcinomas can also begin in the ureters themselves or in the bladder.

Wilms' tumor : Wilms' tumor is a type of kidney cancer that occurs in young children
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Risk factors



Renal cell carcinoma risk factors

The majority of kidney cancers are renal cell carcinomas. Risk factors for renal cell carcinoma include:

Transitional cell carcinoma risk factors

Risk factors for transitional cell carcinoma include:
Tests and diagnosis

A kidney cancer diagnosis typically begins with a complete medical history and a physical exam. Your doctor may also recommend blood and urine tests. If your doctor suspects a problem or if you're at high risk of kidney cancer, you may also have one or more of the following tests to check your kidneys for growths or tumors: Additional tests for transitional cell cancer

Tests and procedures used to diagnose transitional cell kidney cancer may include:


Kidney cancer staging

Once your doctor diagnoses kidney cancer, the next step is to determine the extent, or stage, of the cancer. Staging tests for kidney cancer may include additional CT scans, a chest X-ray or other imaging scans your doctor feels are appropriate.

Then your doctor assigns a number, called a stage, to your cancer. Kidney cancer stages include:

Stage I

Tumor is small and confined to the kidney

Stage II

Tumor is larger than a stage I tumor, and is confined to the kidney

Stage III

Tumor extends beyond the kidney to the surrounding tissue or the adrenal glands, and may also spread to a nearby lymph node

Stage IV

Cancer spreads outside the kidney or to distant parts of the body


Treatments and drugs

Together, you and your treatment team will discuss all of your kidney cancer treatment options. The best approach for you may depend on a number of factors, including your general health, the kind of kidney cancer you have, whether the cancer has spread and your own preferences for treatment.

Surgery

Surgery is the initial treatment for the majority of kidney cancers. Surgical procedures used to treat kidney cancer include: What type of surgery your doctor recommends will be based on your cancer and its stage, as well as your health and personal preferences. Surgery carries a risk of bleeding and infection.

Treatments when surgery isn't possible

For some people, surgery may be too risky. These people have other options for treating their kidney cancers, including:

Treatments for advanced and recurrent kidney cancer

Kidney cancer that recurs and kidney cancer that spreads to other parts of the body may be curable. In these situations, treatments may include:

Treatment for transitional cell cancer

Treatment for transitional cell cancer typically involves an extensive operation to remove the tumor, ureter, kidney and a portion of the bladder. Surgery to remove only the tumor may be an option in some cases.

Chemotherapy may be useful in treating transitional cell cancer that has spread or that recurs. Chemotherapy is a drug treatment that uses chemicals to kill quickly growing cells, such as cancer cells. Other rapidly growing cells, such as those in your gastrointestinal tract and your hair follicles, also are killed by chemotherapy drugs, which can cause side effects including nausea, vomiting and hair loss.

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