Renal Vein Thrombosis India offers information on Renal Vein Thrombosis in India, Renal Vein Thrombosis cost India, Renal Vein Thrombosis hospital in India, Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Hyderabad & Bangalore, Renal Vein Thrombosis Surgeon in India
Also Known as
Kidney Blood Clot or Blockage of Renal Vein
Renal Vein Thrombosis refers to the Blockage of Renal Vein (carries oxygen-depleted blood away from the kidney) by a blood clot (thrombus).
- May be mild or absent
- Some patients present with shortness of breath due to a clot in the lung (i.e., pulmonary embolus).
- If it occurs suddenly :
- Back or flank pain (pain in the upper back to the sides)
- Hematuria or Blood in the Urine
- Low urine volume
- Blood clots form when normally liquid blood thickens, or its flow slows down and becomes stagnant.
- Causes of blood clot formation :
- Trauma to back or abdomen will damage the vein or scar it, and slow the normal blood flow.
- Malignant (invasive/cancer) renal tumors such as Renal Cell Carcinomas can invade the vein and cause blockage to blood flow.
- External compression of the vein from pregnancy, tumors of the abdomen, or narrowing or strictures of the major vein known as the inferior vena cava.
- Nephrotic Syndrome -- membranous glomerulonephropathy
- Dehydration in infants
How the Diagnosis is made
- History of symptoms, illnesses, past history of Thrombosis, allergies, medications, surgeries (especially abdominal or vascular), family history, and habits
- Medical exam may reveal flank or back pain.
- Urinalysis under a microscope may reveal red blood cells.
- Blood tests may reveal high levels of kidney chemical known as LDH enzyme.
- X-Ray, Ultrasound, MRI or CAT scan are radiographic techniques that can show the size (often enlarged kidney), structure, and clot location in the kidneys.
- Venography, done by injecting a dye (coloring) into the veins and then X-Raying the area, can show the location of the renal vein narrowing or clotting.
- See causes
- Problems with substances that alter blood viscosity (fluidity):
- Platelets abnormalities
- Increased Fibrinogen levels
- Decreased Antithrombin III
- Protein C and S deficiency
- Anticardiolipin syndrome
- Oral contraceptives
- Estrogen therapy
- Thrombophlebitis migrans
- Hydration with intravenous fluids may help.
- Thinning the blood first with Heparin (intravenously) and then orally with Warfarin pills, which may need to be continued.
- Surgical removal of the clot (thrombectomy), removal of the infarcted kidney (nephrectomy), or inserting a flexible tube to reopen the blocked vein (recanalization ) are other options.
- Renal failure can occur.
- Renal infarction -- the segment of kidney dies
- Pulmonary Emboli can occur.
- Death is rare
- Nephrotic Syndrome
- Herniated Disc
- Pulmonary Emboli
- Kidney Stones
Surgery India Renal Vein Thrombosis Surgery, Cost Renal Vein Thrombosis, Renal Vein Thrombosis Surgery, Renal Vein Thrombosis, India Renal Vein Thrombosis Surgery, India Renal, India Vein, India Thrombosis, India RVT, India Clot, India Thrombus, India Loin Pain, Surgery India Tour, India Thromboembolism, India Renal Vein Thrombosis Treatment, India Cost Renal Vein Thrombosis Surgery, India Renal Vein Thrombosis Information, India Treatment Of Renal Vein Thrombosis Hospital, India Renal Vein Thrombosis Causes, India Renal Vein Thrombosis Symptoms, India Renal Vein Thrombosis Doppler, India Diagnosis Of Thrombosis, India Tests For Thrombosis