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   • Acl Reconstruction


   • Revision Acl Reconstruction


   • Patello Femoral Replacement


   • High Tibial Osteotomy


   • Lower Femoral Osteotomy


   • Pcl Reconstruction


   • Arthrodesis


   • Arthroscopic Debridement Of      Septic Arthritis


   • Arthroscopic Lateral Release


   • Arthroscopic Menisectomy


   • Autologus Cartilage Cell      Transplant


   • Meniscal Repair


   • Mosaicplasty



Pcl Reconstruction :
Orthopedic Surgery
If it is determined that there isn't enough good tissue to salvage the PCL, reconstruction surgery is performed.
India Surgery PCL Reconstruction, India Cost Anterior Cruciate Ligament, PCL Reconstruction Surgery

PCL Reconstruction

The posterior cruciate ligament, or PCL, is one of the main ligaments in the knee and injury to this ligament may be seen in a variety of settings. In general, most partial or isolated PCL tears can be treated non-operatively because the PCL, with its synovial covering, has some ability to heal. However, surgical reconstruction is usually recommended for PCL tears that occur in combination with other ligament tears of the knee.


Indications

It is usually recommended that acute PCL tears in combination with and ACL, posterolateral corner, or MCL complex tears be reconstructed within the first three weeks of injury. In rare occasions, the PCL may be repaired when it occurs as a peel off or bone avulsion injury. In patients with chronic PCL injuries, who are symptomatic for pain and instability, reconstruction may be indicated. It is important in these chronic injuries that a workup for possible concurrent other ligament injuries, as well as an assessment of the extremity allignment, be performed.

India Cost Anterior Cruciate Ligament, PCL Reconstruction Surgery, Pcl, Reconstruction Surgery
MRI of a torn PCL MRI of a torn PCL


India Surgery PCL Reconstruction, India Cost Anterior Cruciate Ligament, Pcl, Reconstruction Surgery
Normal PCL

Procedure

A variety of graft choices are available to surgeons that include autogenous patellar or quadriceps tendon with bone blocks, or hamstring tendons. In addition, patellar tendon or achilles tendon allografts (from donors) may be used. The main portion of the PCL which needs to be reconstructed is the anterolateral bundles. Arthroscopic assisted or open PCL reconstructions involve removing the remaining native PCL, with care to preserve the ligament of Wrisberg if it is intact.

A tunnel is drilled at the anatomic attachment site of the anterolateral bundle at the anteromedial wall of the itercondylar notch, in line with the roof of the notch and about 6-8 mm from the articular surface of the medial femoral condyle. The tibial attachment site is then prepared by identifying the normal attachment site of the PCL at the bottom of the PCL facet.

A tibial tunnel is then drilled, at approximately a 75 angle and about 6 cm from the joint line, from anteriorly to posteriorly. Once the tunnels are drilled, sharp edges and soft tissues around the tunnel exit site are smoothed off with the use of a rasp. The graft is then passed into the joint and fixed in its femoral tunnel (usually with a cannulated interference screw). The graft is then tensioned distally while the knee is cycled several times to remove any slack in the graft.

The graft is then fixed to the tibia, usually with staples, while the knee is flexed to 90, distal traction is placed on the graft, and an anterior force is applied to the tibia. After fixation, the posterior drawer is assessed to verify a return of normal posterior stability to the knee, and the surgical incisions are closed.


Rehabilitation

Postoperatively, it is recommended that the patient remain in full extension for a period of 2 to 4 weeks for isolated PCL reconstructions. In multiligament reconstructions, the patient is often placed into a continuous passive motion (CPM) machine for range of motion. Patients are non weight bearing with quad sets and straight leg raises in the immobilizer only started the 1st postoperative day.

It is especially important for PCL reconstruction patients to not have any posterior sag of their tibia which would stretch out the graft. Pillows or other support under the tibia is required for the first two months after surgery. After 8 weeks, weight bearing is initiated and more active rehabilitation is started.
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Posterior Cruciate Ligament Repair and Reconstruction Surgery

Unlike the an ACL tear, when the tearing of a PCL is less severe, athletes usually undergo repair surgery. When the tear is severe, the athlete must be operated on to recover function and resume their activity in sports. The tear can be repaired by reattaching the torn fibers to each other. If there aren't enough fibers for reattachment, the PCL should be reconstructed.

If there is a good about of good tissue left in the knee, the surgeon usually performs repair surgery.

Repair surgery is as follows :

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